Glossary

Australian Crime Commission (ACC)

The national criminal intelligence and investigation agency. The ACC seeks to combat serious and organised crime.

Agency

In this paper, unless the context indicates otherwise, agency is a generic term referring to various types of government bodies, including government departments, police forces, and independent statutory authorities.

Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC)

A national centre that conducts research into crime and criminal justice issues.

Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre (AUSTRAC)

The national anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing regulator and financial intelligence unit.

Money laundering

Dealing with assets (for example, money or property) obtained through the commission of crime in a way which masks ownership of those assets and makes them appear to have come from legitimate sources.1

Outlaw motorcycle gang (OMG)

A term commonly used by law enforcement agencies to describe motorcycle clubs that may be engaged in, or whose members may be engaged in, criminal activity. An outlaw motorcycle gang is distinct from a law-abiding, recreational motorcycle club.

Regulator

An agency that regulates an occupation or industry. A regulator may, for example, consider applications for licences to operate in an occupation or industry, and monitor compliance with the legislation that governs an occupation or industry.

Regulatory regime

The laws, regulations, policies and instruments that govern the entry of people into, the conduct of people within, and the exit of people from an occupation or industry.

Regulatory tool

A component of a regulatory regime (for example, a licensing scheme that regulates the entry of people into an occupation or industry).

 

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