Questions

  1. 1 What changes or additions would you make to the information presented in
    Table 1 (pages 23–26) and Table 2 (pages 31–32) regarding the purposes of infiltration? You may wish to comment on occupations or industries that are not listed in Tables 1 or 2.
  2. 2 Is the draft model for assessing the risk of infiltration (pages 32–37) a helpful way to assess the risk of organised crime group infiltration of lawful occupations and industries?
  3. 3 What changes or additions would you make to the draft model for assessing the risk of infiltration (pages 32–37)?
  4. 4 Having regard to the regulatory tools described in Chapter 4, which regulatory tools are, or might be, useful in addressing each of the risks identified in the draft model for assessing the risk of infiltration (pages 32–37)?
  5. 5 For the purpose of preventing organised crime group infiltration of lawful occupations and industries, what are the advantages and disadvantages of regulation by:
  6. (a) a traditional occupation or industry regulator such as the Business Licensing Authority
  7. (b) Victoria Police
  8. (c) both a traditional regulator and Victoria Police?
  9. 6 If a regulator is required to prevent the infiltration of organised crime groups into an occupation or industry, how does this affect, or how might this affect, the pursuit of its other regulatory purposes and objects (whether positively or negatively)?
  10. 7 In seeking to prevent the infiltration of organised crime groups into lawful occupations and industries, is it useful to regulate entry into an occupation or industry (for example, by requiring would-be entrants to obtain a licence)?
  11. 8 In seeking to prevent the infiltration of organised crime groups into lawful occupations and industries, what are the costs and benefits of any of the following:
  12. (a) positive licensing regimes
  13. (b) negative licensing regimes
  14. (c) registration schemes
  15. (d) rules relating to the effective control of a business
  16. (e) rules relating to who may be employed in a business
  17. (f) rules relating to re-entry
  18. (g) other entry-regulation tools that you would like to comment on?

Costs and benefits may apply to a range of stakeholders, including regulators, Victoria Police, business operators, business employees, and business customers.

  1. 9 In seeking to prevent the infiltration of organised crime groups into lawful occupations and industries, what are the costs and benefits of group-based licence exclusions?
  2. 10 In seeking to prevent the infiltration of organised crime groups into lawful occupations and industries, is it useful to monitor an occupation or industry?
  3. 11 When monitoring an occupation or industry in order to prevent or detect the infiltration of organised crime groups, what are the costs and benefits of any of the following:
  4. (a) short licence periods/regular licence renewals
  5. (b) a complaints-based model versus an inspection-based model
  6. (c) investigative powers (or particular investigative powers)
  7. (d) prohibited practices
  8. (e) record-keeping obligations
  9. (f) continuous disclosure obligations
  10. (g) other monitoring tools that you would like to comment on?

Costs and benefits may apply to a range of stakeholders, including regulators, Victoria Police, business operators, business employees, and business customers.

  1. 12 What are the most useful ways of detecting people (particularly organised crime groups) who are operating in a lawful occupation or industry without the required authorisation (such as a licence)?
  2. 13 Which enforcement measures are useful, or might be useful, in preventing organised crime group infiltration of lawful occupations and industries?
  3. 14 In seeking to prevent the infiltration of organised crime groups into lawful occupations and industries, is it useful to regulate the exit of people from an occupation or industry? Which tools are, or might be, useful for this purpose?
  4. 15 Are there any problems with current information-sharing arrangements? If so, how might these problems be overcome? Information-sharing arrangements can refer to information sharing between regulators and Victoria Police, between different Victorian regulators, between Victorian and interstate regulators, and between any other agencies that hold relevant information.
  5. 16 Please comment on the extent to which regulatory tools that may be used to prevent the infiltration of organised crime groups into lawful occupations and industries may:
  6. (a) insufficiently protect the rights of people affected by decisions of the regulator
  7. (b) insufficiently protect the rights of any other stakeholder
  8. (c) impose additional burdens on regulators, courts and/or tribunals in relation to the provision of reasons for decisions and opportunities for review.
  9. 17 In seeking to prevent the infiltration of organised crime groups into lawful occupations and industries:
  10. (a) What issues are, or might be, better dealt with through legal responses other than occupation/industry-based regulatory regimes (including but not limited to the ‘other legal responses’ described at pages 66–68)?
  11. (b) What issues are, or might be, better dealt with through occupation/industry-based regulatory regimes rather than other legal responses?

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