Supplementary Report on ‘Grab and Drag’ Conduct (html)


Ashworth, Andrew, Principles of Criminal Law (Oxford University Press, 6th ed, 2009)

Ashworth, Andrew and Jeremy Horder, Principles of Criminal Law (Oxford University Press,

7th ed, 2013)

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (Cth), Sexual Assault in Australia (In Focus Report, 28 August 2020) <>

Bows, Hannah, ‘Sarah Everard: Why Women Shouldn’t Have to Risk Trading Their Freedom for Safety’, The Conversation <>

Chalmers, James and Fiona Leverick, ‘Fair Labelling in Criminal Law’ (2008) 71(2) Modern Law Review 217

Chataway, Michael L and Timothy C Hart, ‘A Social-Psychological Process of “Fear of Crime”

for Men and Women: Revisiting Gender Differences from a New Perspective’ (2019) 14(2) Victims & Offenders 143

‘Chilling Moments before Alleged Abduction Attempt Caught on Camera’, 7NEWS (online,

27 November 2020) <>

Department of Justice and Regulation (Vic), Victoria’s New Sexual Offence Laws: An Introduction (Report, Criminal Law Review, June 2015) <>

Department of Justice (Vic), Review of Sexual Offences (Consultation Paper, September 2013) <>

Gotsis, Tom, ‘NSW’s Strangulation Offence: Time for Further Reform’ (Issues Backgrounder No 3, Parliamentary Research Service, Parliament of NSW, September 2018) <>

Hunter, Jill et al, The Trial: Principles, Process and Evidence (Federation Press, 2nd ed, 2021)

Jones, Emm,

– ‘My Follow up Email to Our AG’, Change.Org (Web Page, 10 December 2020)


– ‘Petition: Keep Women Safe from Sexual Predators. Introduce a #GrabAndDrag Law.’, Change.Org (Web Page) <>

Judicial College of Victoria,

– ‘7.4.8 Common Law Assault’, Victorian Criminal Charge Book (Online Manual, 1 November 2014) <>

– ‘7.4.12 Stalking’, Victorian Criminal Charge Book (Online Manual, 7 June 2011)


Kolovos, Benita, ‘Vic “Grab and Drag” Law Proposed’, Canberra Times (online, 26 November 2020) <>

Koob, Simone Fox and David Estcourt, ‘Prosecutors Won’t Appeal Sentence of Man Who Dragged Woman into Alleyway’, The Age (online, 16 December 2020) <>

Lievore, Denise, Recidivism of Sexual Assault Offenders: Rates, Risk Factors and Treatment Efficacy (Report, Australian Institute of Criminology, 2004)

‘Man Covered Woman’s Face in “brazen” Attack after Following Her Home, Police Say’, ABC News (online, 20 January 2020) <>

Paynter, Jack, ‘Man Charged over Alleged Violent Kidnapping of Woman East of Melbourne’, (online, October 2021) <>

Pedneault, Amelie, Danielle A Harris and Raymond A Knight, ‘An Examination of Escalation in Burglaries Committed by Sexual Offenders’ (2015) 59(11) International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 1203

Vera-Gray, Fiona, The Right Amount of Panic: How Women Trade Freedom for Safety (Policy Press, 2018)

Vera-Gray, Fiona and Liz Kelly, ‘Contested Gendered Space: Public Sexual Harassment and Women’s Safety Work’ (2020) 44(4) International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice 265

Victorian Law Reform Commission, Improving the Justice System Response to Sexual Offences (Report No 42, September 2021)

Victorian Law Reform Commission, Sexual Offences: ‘Grab and Drag’ (Issues Paper I, February 2021)

Written response to roundtable discussion paper from Office of Public Prosecutions to Victorian Law Reform Commission, 16 October 2021

Written response to roundtable discussion paper from Victoria Legal Aid to Victorian Law Reform Commission, 8 November 2021

Case law

ACN 087 528 774 Pty Ltd v Chetcuti [2008] VSCA 274, (2008) 21 VR 559

AS v The Queen [2019] VSC 260

DPP (Vic) v Patil (a Pseudonym) [2019] VCC 1674

DPP (Vic) v Williams [2020] VCC 1662

DPP (Vic) v Williams [No 1] [2020] VCC 1235

DPP (Vic) v Williams (County Court of Victoria, Fox J, 18 November 2020)

DPP (Vic) v Douglass (a pseudonym) [2018] VCC 242

DPP (Vic) v Drake [2019] VSCA 293

Fagan v Commissioner of Metropolitan Police [1969] 1 QB 439

Fisher v Police [2004] SASC 232, (2004) 154 A Crim R 511

Knight v The Queen (1988) 35 A Crim R 314, (New South Wales Court of Criminal Appeal,

Lee Carruthers and Loveday JJ, 15 September 1988)

Murphy v The Queen [2019] VSCA 189

R v Gabriel [2004] ACTSC 30, (2004) 182 FLR 102

R v Hoang [2007] VSCA 117, (2007) 16 VR 369

R v Ireland [1998] AC 147, (House of Lords, Lords Goff, Slynn, Steyn, Hope and Hutton,

24 July 1997)

R v Patton [1998] 1 VR 7, (Victorian Supreme Court of Appeal, Phillips CJ, Winneke P and Southwell AJA, 29 August 1996)

R v Pritchard [1999] NSWCCA 182, (1999) 107 A Crim R 88

R v Worland [1964] VR 607, (Supreme Court of Victoria, Monahan J, 14 May 1964),

Slaveski v State of Victoria [2010] VSC 441

Smith v Chief Superintendent, Woking Police Station (1983) 76 Cr App R 234, (Divisional Court, Kerr, LJ and Glidewell J, 18 January 1983),

White v State of South Australia [2010] SASC 95, (2010) 106 SASR 521


Bail Act 1977 (Vic)

County Court Act 1958 (Vic)

Crimes Act 1958 (Vic)

Criminal Procedure Act 2009 (Vic)

Sentencing Act 1991 (Vic)

Sex Offenders Registration Act 2004 (Vic)

Summary Offences Act 1966 (Vic)