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Villacampa, Carolina and Marc Salat, ‘Stalking: Victims’ and Professionals’ Views of Legal and Institutional Treatment’ (2019) 59 International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice 100345:1–14

Weller, Michelle, Lorraine Hope and Lorraine Sheridan, ‘Police and Public Perceptions of Stalking: The Role of Prior Victim–Offender Relationship’ (2013) 28(2) Journal of Interpersonal Violence 320

Wheatley, R, B Winder and DJ Kuss, ‘What Are the Features of Psychopathology for Men Who Commit Stalking Offences? A Systematic Review’ (2020) 55 Aggression and Violent Behavior 101461:1–15

Wilson, Chanelle, Lorraine Sheridan and David Garratt-Reed, ‘What Is Cyberstalking? A Review of Measurements’ (2022) 37(11–12) Journal of Interpersonal Violence NP9763

Winter, Romy et al, Evaluation of Project Vigilance: Electronic Monitoring of Family Violence Offenders (Final Report, University of Tasmania, Tasmanian Institute of Law Enforcement Studies, July 2021) 49

Women’s Services Network (WESNET),

– ‘About Safe Connections’, Safe Connections 2.0 (Web Page) <>

– ‘WESNET Safety Net Australia Service’, Technology Safety Australia (Web Page)


Woodlock, Delanie, ‘The Abuse of Technology in Domestic Violence and Stalking’ (2017) 23(5) Violence Against Women 584

Woodlock, Delanie et al, Second National Survey on Technology Abuse in Australia (Report, 24 November 2020)

Worsley, Joanne D et al, ‘Victims’ Voices: Understanding the Emotional Impact of Cyberstalking and Individuals’ Coping Responses’ (2017) 7(2) SAGE Open 10.1177/215824401771029:1–13

Case law


Berlyn v Brouskos [2002] VSC 377, (2002) 134 A Crim R 111

DPP v Banks (a pseudonym) [2019] VCC 1185

DPP v Sutcliffe [2001] VSC 43

Gunes v Pearson (1996) 89 A Crim R 297, (Supreme Court of Victoria, McDonald J, 31 October 1996)

R v ALH [2003] VSCA 129, (2003) 6 VR 276


Kozarov v Victoria [2022] HCA 12, (2022) 399 ALR 573

RP v The Queen [2016] HCA 53, (2016) 259 CLR 641



Bail Act 1977 (Vic)

Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006 (Vic)

Children, Youth and Families Act 2005 (Vic)

Crimes Act 1958 (Vic)

Crimes Act 1900 (ACT)

Crimes (Stalking) Act 2003 (Vic)

Criminal Procedure Act 2009 (Vic)

Evidence Act 2008 (Vic)

Family Violence Protection Act 2008 (Vic)

Magistrates’ Court Act 1989 (Vic)

Personal Safety Intervention Orders Act 2010 (Vic)

Privacy and Data Protection Act 2014 (Vic)

Sentencing Act 1991 (Vic)

Serious Offenders Act 2018 (Vic)

Stalking Intervention Orders Act 2008 (Vic)

Summary Offences Act 1966 (Vic)

Surveillance Devices Act 1999 (Vic)

Victims’ Charter Act 2006 (Vic)

Victims of Crime Assistance Act 1996 (Vic)


Criminal Code Act 1995 (Cth)

Online Safety Act 2021 (Cth)

Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 (Cth)

Other Australian jurisdictions

Criminal Code Act 1899 (Qld)

Criminal Code Act Compilation Act 1913 (WA)

Criminal Law Consolidation Act 1935 (SA)

Evidence Act (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1991 (ACT)

Family Violence Legislation Reform (COVID-19 Response) Act 2020 (WA)


Protection from Harassment Act 1997 (UK)

Stalking Protection Act 2019 (UK)